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Now CST likes this philosophical stuff and we have come up with an extension that we believe helps explain quantum effects and provides a basis for further thought and experimentation.

In a quantum system, lets take entangled photons as an example, what we measure is only partial information, ie its mixed state, and we cannot know all the information that explains the whole system. Now, lets consider a new way of thinking about the complete system. We know experimentally that if we take one of an entangled pair of photons to a large distance from the other and probe its state – the other photon changes its state instantaneously, faster than the speed of light, which should not be possible in our normal world.

So, to help explain what is happening we are going to introduce a new dimension. Think of a flat piece of paper, we take the entangled photons along the surface of this paper – this is our 3D world, but now we bend the paper so that the photons are again just the thickness of the paper apart. This bending represents our new dimension. The information of the whole system is still all in one place, even thought we have separated the photons to a large distance (eg across the galaxy) in our 3D dimension. This would allow for information flow and the working of the whole system, seemingly instantaneously.

Think of or 3D space, we know that we can split one millimetre into ever smaller junks, we can do the same with time. Our new dimension, like space and time, can be cut up into infinitesimally small bits, allowing many different ‘locations’ or states.

The idea of multi-dimensions is of course old hat, and is an important part of superstring theory. But lets consider how we can apply it in a philosophical way (as we are no mathematicians), to consider other quantum effects.

Let’s take the double slit experiment. When we are looking at (learning the information about) the photon, it takes a path through just one slit. In our definition, it sits within our 3D world and behaves with our know physics as it must. But we are seeing just part of the whole system. When we don’t look the photon it takes both paths simultaneously, (seemingly impossibly), but our new dimension makes simple sense of this – the whole system behaves within the both dimensions, and this allows it to ‘move’ within the other dimension ‘unseen’. When we look we must only see our dimension at work, so we see the mixed state, with only partial information about the whole system.

Interestingly, when we apply this to superposition, take quantum computer systems, our new dimension has no trouble containing the many states needed as we can split it up into many parts. (With 30 qubits a quantum computer would have 1,073,741,824 possible states, and a quantum computer with 300 qubits would have roughly the same number of possible states as the total number of atoms in the known universe). So, while some have considered multi-universes as a requirement for quantum computing and superposition generally, we do not see that these are necessary if each state can exists (as information) within infinitesimally small locations within this new dimension.

Consider further the popping in and out of quantum particles within a vacuum in our 3D world. Again, experimentally this has been shown to occur. Invoking our new dimension explains this easily, as these fluctuations are just part of the whole system, and we can detect their effect upon our 3D universe. Within a vacuum we have a lack of information within the local part of the whole quantum system, and we see some of the information that flows across the divide between the dimensions. If we could see the whole system, then we would understand that the whole system is in equilibrium and the information would cancel out to zero.

Perhaps, if we break the equilibrium between the dimensions, then information (condensing into matter) can be formed within a completely new dimension – big bang et al?

CST – We really have no idea about what we are talking about, but it seems like fun anyway.